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Ahmed Hamila

Ahmed Hamila


European Asylum Policy Related to Sexual Orientation: A Common System, Several Implementation Models

(Supervisor: Jane Jenson, Montréal)

Since the adoption of the Treaty of Amsterdam, the EU launched a process of harmonization of asylum policies among Member States through the enactment of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). However, despite the CEAS, reception conditions for asylum seekers persecuted because of their sexual orientation, assessment procedures and the criteria for conferring refugee status differ considerably from one Member State to the other.

How do the EU Member States implement the CEAS?
Why, despite the CEAS, do the EU Member States implement the European asylum policies related to sexual orientation and gender identity in different ways?

Scholars use three main theories to explain the deficit of Europeanization: the “goodness of fit” theory, the “veto player” theory and the “worlds of compliance” theory. Yet very few studies have focused on the role of national administrations and their actors in these dynamics. This research claims to fill this gap. The hypothesis supported in this research is that the disparities among EU Members States regarding asylum practices are due to different refugee status determination regimes (RSD regimes) from one Member State to another. Each EU Member State has a specific RSD regime. The RSD regime depends on two elements: (1) the institutional organization of the national administration responsible for asylum and (2) the interaction between the actors and dynamics of power within the administration responsible for asylum.


Doctorant au département de science politique à l’Université de Montréal et à l’institut de sociologie de l’Université Libre de Bruxelles
Maîtrise en Science politique (Université de Montréal)
Licence bi-disciplinaire en Droit civil et Science politique (l’Université Lumière-Lyon II)

Conference Presentations

Dec. 2016
Spaces and Power: Migration and Homosexuality
Space, Mediation and Diversity Under the Global Condition, Collaborative Workshop (IRTG Diversity, Collaborative Research Centre (SFB 1199) “Processes of Spatialization Under the Global Condition”), Leipzig, 14-15/12/2016.
Oct. 2016
Persecutions Based on Sexual Orientation: a ‘New’ Ground to Grant Refugee Status. The Belgian Case
Political Sociology Research Network 32 of the European Sociological Association (ESA-RN 32), 4th Mid-term conference, Brussels, Belgium, 28-29/10/2016.
Sept. 2016
NGOisation of LGBT Activism and the Europeanisation Process: Comparison Between Belgium and France
European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR), 10th General conference, Prague, Czech Republic, 07-10/09/2016.
May 2016
Enquête au sein des réseaux de l'asile: une comparison entre la Belgique et la France
Annual Conference of the Société québécoise de Science politique: Voix/Voies politiques - Citoyenneté, représentation et transformation, Québec, Canada, 19-21/05/2016
May 2016
The European Asylum Policy Related to SOGI: a Common System with Several Means of Implementation
Biannual Conference of the European Community Studies Association Canada: The European Union and North America: An Inevitable Partnership?, Halifax, Canada, 09-11/05/2016
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